‘A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives.’

DfE (2013) National Curriculum, Geography KS1 – 3


For Children to gain knowledge and understanding of:

  • An Emphasis on locational and place knowledgehuman and physical processes and some technical procedures, such as using grid references.
  • commitment to fieldwork and the use of maps, as well as written communication.

Geography in KS1:

  • A Focus on the UK.
  • Geographical Context and Interdependence.
  • Locational knowledge: the world’s countries.
  • Locational and place regional knowledge in UK, Europe and the Americas.
  • Position and significance of latitude, longitude and time zones.
  • Climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.
  • Key aspects of physical and human geography including settlement, rivers and the water cycle.
  • Compass directions, use of OS map conventions. In KS 2 there is a greater emphasis on fieldwork.
  • Extended writing.

Geography in KS2:

  • Focus on local area with links to History
  • Locational knowledge: The nations of the UK, the world’s seven continents and five oceans
  • Contrasting non-European locality specification
  • UK seasons & weather, hot & cold regions
  • Specified vocabulary – physical & human features
  • Use of simple compass directions
  • Extended writing